Corn in the county is growing well and we have not seen many issues with diseases to this point. Worth Extension is participating with Dr. Bob Kemerait, UGA Plant Pathologist, in collecting sentinel corn samples to check for disease (on a weekly/biweekly basis). Some of the earlier planted corn is already tasseling and silking. It looks like the forecast for the next 7-10 days will be drier with not much chance of rain, and mild to warm temperatures. Following is the 5/25/23 update from Dr. Kemerait on the current corn disease situation.
“To date, UGA Extension does not know of ANY southern rust (or soybean rust) in Georgia or in bordering areas of Alabama or Florida, though I am sure there is some somewhere. The hunt continues….
SO, WHAT DO WE TELL GROWERS – I have told you many times, “Corn Growers, especially under irrigated conditions and those with good yield potential, should have their finger firmly on the fungicide trigger and begin to slowly apply pressure as tassel growth stages approaches. If disease, especially southern rust, is known to be in the area, I would squeeze the trigger. I have that much respect for southern rust. However, if southern rust is not found, or conditions are not favorable, I would take my finger off the trigger and wait until rust is found.”
So what does that mean now? Our earliest planted corn is already silking and pollinating. That corn and corn approaching tassel is at key growth stages for decisions on use of a fungicide. No southern rust has been found; however conditions are generally favorable for development of southern rust (HOWEVER our current cool conditions will help to slow any development for a few more days..)
- Growers not at tassel can certainly wait for a fungicide application.
- Growers at tassel or silking or pollinating stages can wait to make a fungicide application until southern rust is more of a threat (that is when we find it…).
- SOME corn growers do not want to take the risk of a) the first find of southern rust being missed OR b) having to scramble to make a fungicide application and hire a plane when everyone around them wants to spray also. These farmers will often decide to spray now. I can’t disagree with their logic.
- Under current “lower risk” situation, use of a single mode of action triazole like Tilt or Domark or Tebuconazole is less expensive, generally appropriate, and will have a protective window of about 2 weeks. These fungicides are fair to good on southern rust, but less effective against northern and southern corn leaf blights.
- Under current “lower risk” situation, use of mixed products, ANY product that mixes a triazole + strobilurin, or triazole + SDHI, or SDHI + Strobilurin, or triazole + strobilurin + SDHI will provide 3 weeks of protection, better activity against rust, and better activity against corn leaf blights, but will be more expensive.
- WHEN southern rust is a clear and present threat, choice of TOP fungicides for control (Things like Trivapro, Headline AMP, Veltyma, and others) becomes prudent. More when we get to that point.”
The mention of trade names in this blog does not imply endorsement by the Georgia Extension Service, nor criticism of similar ones not mentioned.
As we get notification of Southern Corn Rust confirmation, Worth County Extension will send updates/alerts to the growers. If we need to visit or sample corn fields for disease or other issues, please let us know at the Worth County Extension office.