Lowndes – Echols Ag News

GA Clean Day – Pesticide Waste Collection Day

There will be a pesticide waste collection day held at the Cordele State Farmers Market at 1901 State Rt. 41 N  on September 30th from 9:00 am to 3:00 pm. You must pre-register for the waste to be collected. If interested, fill out and turn in the form as soon as possible. They are only allowed to collect 50,000 lbs. Below you will find more information and also the link for the form.

Georgia Clean Day 2016 pre registration form

Clean Day Flyer

Important Time to Check Peanuts

I attended a Peanut Maturity Clinic yesterday in Tifton. Our peanut agronomist stressed that checking fields this year will be important. Some fields, especially dryland, are running early while others are on time or running late. We had our first sample come into the office Wednesday. The peanuts are around 120 days old and they could dig starting next week. Things to consider when starting to dig are looking at how the peanuts are doing inside the shell, are the vines healthy and what does the weather looks like in the future.

maturity board

The picture above is the sample that was brought in. Judging by this sample there are not many peanuts on the back end so it is important not to miss any on the front end. After cracking some open, the peanuts are developing oil spots and look good.

Below are some tips on taking a sample and talking about maturity for different varieties shared by another county agent.

SAMPLING PROCEDURES FOR HULL SCRAPE

Carefully lift at least 5 plants from a minimum of three representative areas in a field.  DIG IN THE AREA WHERE THE PLANTS WERE LIFTED AND CHECK FOR ANY PEANUTS THAT COME OFF.  If you find some older mature pods in the soil bring these with the sample.  The pro­jected digging date is only as accurate as the sample used to represent the field.  Once the plants are collected in the field, approximately 200 to 220 nuts should be picked off individual plants for the actual hull scrape sample.  This sample will be pressure blasted and checked on the peanut maturity profile board.Each field should be sampled at approximately 115-120 days after planting.  A second sample should be run approximately 10 days before the date predicted by the first check to determine if the peanuts are maturing normally.  This process has proven to be an effective and reliable meth­od to project up to two weeks in advance the optimum digging date for peanuts.

WHEN TO DIG?

In general, the most reliable profiles for projecting the optimum harvest interval are those profiles taken 2-3 weeks before harvest and before the leading pods have reached the final stages of the black maturity class.  For medium maturity runner varieties (Georgia-06G and others), this may be achieved by taking an initial profile between 115-120 days after planting.  These profiles should prove best for ranking fields, and follow-up should be used to verify that maturation is proceeding normally.  Twin-row peanuts will frequently yield a greater percentage of early-set pods. These pods will be reflected in the profile, and may give a slightly premature indication of optimum maturity in some instances.  Pay particular attention to health of the pod stems on those reproductive sites having the earliest set pods, as well as days of age.  Rarely have we seen a medium maturity runner crop at risk from maturity loss in less than 125 days after planting.

 

Peanut Maturity Range**

Medium Medium-Late
Georgia-06G               TUFRunner ‘297’ Georgia-12Y
Georgia Greener              TUFRunner ‘511’ Georgia-13M
Georgia-098                TUFRunner ‘727’ Georgia -14N
FloRun ‘107’                        Tifguard Florida-07
FloRun ‘157’

**Range  may vary depending on planting date, rainfall, soil temperature, and other factors even for the same variety in a

 

 

Cotton Defoliation

Before we know it, it will be time to defoliate cotton. I attended a defoliation meeting Wednesday where Jared Whitaker, UGA cotton agronomist, spoke about different methods and chemicals used for defoliation. Some methods to determine when to defoliate include looking to see if 60 to 70% of bolls are open(we tend to wait for higher percentage to defoliate), sharp knife method and nodes above cracked boll. Attached are handouts that were given out at the meeting. If you have any questions, feel free to call the office. Also don’t forget we are scraping peanuts for maturity if you would like to take advantage of that service we provide.

defoliation handout jpeg_Page_1 defoliation handout jpeg_Page_2 defoliation handout jpeg_Page_3 defoliation handout jpeg_Page_4 defoliation handout jpeg_Page_5

Unique Find in Soybean Field

A citizen mentioned to us about how she was having a bad snail problem in her subdivision and how it was only the houses bordering a soybean field. So we went and visited the field and there were snails on the plants. On one leaf we found 3 snails. They were inside the canopy and on the outside foliage. Dr. Roberts, UGA Extension Entomologist, said there is not a good control that is economical for a row crop field and he has never seen them reach the threshold to treat for them.

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Peanut Maturity Testing

It won’t be long before peanut harvesting will begin. Our office will be providing peanut hull scraping for any peanut grower. When bringing in a sample, we prefer vines to be brought in along with the peanuts so we can check the health of the vines.  When picking samples, take 5 or 6 adjacent plants from two or three spots in the field.  If the field changes soil types or has some dry land spots, then separate samples should be taken. A sample needs to have between 180-220 pods to show a good representation. Call the office if you have any questions.

pnutmaturity board

Citrus Rust Mites

If you don’t know already, Lowndes County Extension has 2 research trials dealing with satsumas. There are also numerous growers in the county and surrounding counties that have satsumas. Jake Price coordinates and oversees the research trials. A pest to be looking for is the citrus rust mite. Below are pictures of the mite and the damage they cause. This mite can cause damage to the fruit in mid – summer and also in the fall. If you need more information about the mite and how to control it, you can look at the Florida Citrus Pest Management Guide.

citrus rust mite rustmite damage

 

Hog Show Ear Tags Are In

It’s that time of the year for exhibitors to get their hogs for the Lowndes Area Market Hog Show. Tagging deadline for Lowndes County 4-H is September 14th. The show will be held November 1st at 5PM with the sale being November 2nd at 7PM.  If you do not have a child involved in showing, try and come out and support these exhibitors at the show. Feel free to call the office if you are interested in showing or need your hog tagged.

Posted in 4-H.

Vegetable Fumigant Testing

Fall vegetable production is underway. I have seen some growers already setting out plants.We have been around the county this week checking fumigant levels.  If you would like your fields checked, give your local extension agent a call.

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Scouting Update

Cotton:

Stink bugs are the main pest to be scouting for right now. Also be looking out for spider mites and whiteflies. These insects are important when deciding on an insecticide to spray. A good phone app to help with insecticide choice is the GA Cotton Insect Advisor App. Bacterial blight has been reported in some counties.

Peanuts: 

The main diseases to be looking out for are white mold and peanut rust.

Soybeans:

Below is a guide to soybean scouting that has ways to identify caterpillars in soybeans and also thresholds for foliage and pod feeders.

Please feel free to call the office with any questions.

soybean scouting guide

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