Dooly County Extension

Is it Time to Plant Peanuts Yet?

With the warm sunny days we have had over the past week, several growers have asked about planting peanuts once it dries out.  Here are some comments from last week by UGA Agronomist Dr. Scott Tubbs on the topic:

Shortly after my March Peanut Pointers article on Soil  Temperature and Peanut Planting, I received a message from Scott Hobby, the  Seed Regulatory Program Manager at the GA Dept. of Ag. Seed Lab in Tifton.  Mr. Hobby stated that GA-06G has been  struggling with germination this year in the laboratory’s cold tests.  Overall seed germination results are good,  but the drastically reduced germination in the cold test is further evidence  that growers need to be cautioned about planting their peanut seed too early  when there are still strong possibilities for a cold front to drop soil  temperatures rapidly, which could lead to poor, erratic plant stands.   Thus, the 80+ F temps over the last few days  are enough to be dangerous, causing some growers to be  “itching” to put some seed in the ground, but I don’t believe this would be a  good idea based on the forecast.   It  will take several days with highs in the 80s and lows in the mid-50s or higher  to drive the soil temperatures back up toward 68 F and keep them there for 3  consecutive days, so please urge growers to be patient and not pull the  planting trigger too early so they are not having to face less than optimal  plant stands or be faced with the decision of possibly having to replant.

If you are preparing to plant peanuts, remember to monitor the 4 inch soil temperatures. That information can be found here.

4 Inch Soil Temperature (°F) in Peanut Producing Regions

Location April 16 April 17 April 18 April 19 April 20 April 21 April 22 Average
Alapaha 62.0 62.8 61.7 60.8 61.1 64.6 67.2 62.9
Albany 62.3 63.8 61.7 60.8 61.6 66.4 67.4 63.4
Alma 60.2 60.9 60.1 60.6 61.1 65.3 67.2 62.2
Arabi 61.3 62.5 60.5 59.5 61.2 64.6 65.2 62.1
Arlington 61.4 64.0 60.4 59.6 60.3 64.9 68.0 62.7
Attapulgus 60.8 62.9 62.0 60.5 60.2 64.4 68.3 62.7
Baxley 62.7 63.7 61.3 60.9 61.6 66.9 69.3 63.8
Byromville 61.3 61.2 60.4 61.0 61.1 63.4 65.8 62.0
Byron 59.1 59.5 58.3 57.6 60.8 63.8 65.6 60.7
Cairo 63.2 63.1 62.4 61.8 62.1 63.3 65.5 63.1
Camilla 58.8 62.7 59.6 58.9 59.5 65.1 69.0 61.9
Cordele 59.6 61.6 59.1 58.5 60.7 65.1 67.2 61.7
Dawson 59.7 62.3 60.3 59.2 60.3 63.7 65.4 61.6
Ducker 61.6 63.3 60.5 60.1 61.0 66.4 69.6 63.2
Dawson-HHERC 58.5 61.1 59.3 58.0 59.6 64.6 67.3 61.2
Dearing 62.3 62.0 60.2 57.3 60.2 62.4 63.7 61.2
Dixie 63.2 63.5 62.3 62.0 62.3 65.9 69.0 64.0
Donalsonville 63.2 65.3 62.4 61.7 62.1 65.2 68.0 64.0
Dublin 61.2 61.7 60.0 58.8 60.9 64.0 66.6 61.9
Fort Valley 58.4 58.5 57.2 56.7 60.4 64.6 65.8 60.2
Georgetown 57.9 60.0 58.6 58.4 60.3 63.5 65.6 60.6
Hatley 60.6 62.4 61.2 59.9 60.3 63.6 65.4 61.9
Homerville 63.5 63.1 62.2 62.5 62.2 67.3 70.8 64.5
Jeffersonville 59.9 60.9 58.9 57.8 61.1 64.0 65.3 61.1
McRae 62.3 63.0 61.2 60.5 61.6 65.7 67.7 63.1
Midville 59.6 61.8 58.8 57.4 61.3 65.5 67.7 61.7
Moultrie 59.0 60.6 59.8 59.8 60.0 66.2 69.1 62.1
Nahunta 62.1 62.5 62.7 63.1 62.2 66.4 68.6 63.9
Newton 61.2 63.8 61.2 60.5 61.2 65.0 68.5 63.0
Plains 58.0 58.9 57.9 57.3 59.3 63.4 65.5 60.0
Sasser 60.4 62.0 60.0 59.3 60.6 64.3 65.3 61.7
Shellman 56.8 59.0 58.2 57.7 59.0 64.0 66.0 60.1
Skidaway 61.7 61.3 61.5 61.8 62.2 63.7 64.7 62.4
Statesboro 62.6 64.2 60.8 58.8 61.5 66.6 68.8 63.3
Tennille 59.2 59.6 58.3 57.1 60.1 63.0 64.6 60.3
Tifton 58.1 59.1 58.5 58.3 58.9 63.5 66.4 60.4
Tifton-Bowen 61.7 63.3 60.9 60.2 61.1 66.3 68.3 63.1
TyTy 61.8 62.5 59.9 58.7 59.8 64.0 65.9 61.8
Unadilla 60.4 60.3 59.2 58.3 60.2 63.2 64.7 60.9
Valdosta 65.4 64.8 63.7 63.0 63.1 65.0 67.6 64.7
Vidalia 59.7 61.9 59.2 58.8 60.4 65.0 67.4 61.8
Vienna 60.2 61.2 59.4 58.4 60.3 64.4 66.2 61.4

Please note that the 4 inch soil temperature has yet to hit 68 degrees for three consecutive days at any of the Dooly County weather stations.

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